Hair Loss Medication
A significant portion of hair loss is caused by an excess of DHT which is a byproduct of testosterone. There are many medicines available to prevent or reverse hair loss. Some medications are better suited for men than women and some may have side effects. It is important to review your medical and hairloss history with Dr. Caceres so, together, you can choose the best medication regimen for your needs.
Minoxidil is a medication that can promote hair loss reversal or prevent further hair loss. Its true mechanism of action in hair restoration is still not fully understood. Minoxidil can be used topically in the form of a liquid, shampoo, or foam and when applied to the hair can help to reduce or reverse hair loss. The hairs that regrow tend to be larger and thicker than before treatment. Minoxidil can also be given in an oral form but can have side effects so it is important to discuss these with Dr. Caceres during your consultation.
Finasteride is an oral medication that inhibits the 5𝝰-reductase enzyme which converts testosterone to DHT. By reducing DHT levels in the scalp, it can reduce hair loss and promote hair regrowth. It is rare but finasteride can cause sexual side effects in some men.
Spironolactone is a medication taken by mouth that can decrease the production of the hormones that cause hair loss. This is especially effective in women but cannot be taken during pregnancy. Due to its anti-hormonal effects, it is not often used in men. Reducing the hormones that cause hair loss, can promote hair regrowth or a decrease in hair loss.